Male factor infertility is where the reason for a couple’s delay to achieving a successful pregnancy is either partially or entirely explained by investigation of the male partner. In the case of at least 50% of couples that struggle to conceive, a male factor is present. In approximately 30% of such couples, a male factor is the only identified reason for fertility challenge.
Male fertility may be affected in a number of ways:
- Sperm production problems
- Sperm quality problems
- Endocrine problems
- Genetic disorders
- Sexual problems
- Anabolic steroid abuse
- Reproductive tract infections
- Environmental toxic effects such as smoking and chemical exposures
- Cancer treatments such as chemo and radiation therapies
- Previous vasectomy or other causes of spermatic duct obstruction
- Ejaculatory disorders
- Testicular trauma or torsion
- Development of anti-sperm antibodies
Even with the most severe sperm related problems, most men through specialist help will be able to father children using IVF and ICSI. In the rare circumstances where this is not possible, accessing donor sperm is another option.